Hibiscus (flower of death): growing from seeds, reproduction, transplanting, species, photo
Hibiscus (lat.Hibiscus) Is a tropical plant belonging to the Malvaceae family. In indoor floriculture it is known under the names Indoor rose, Chinese rose, Chinese rose and others. In total, over 300 species of this plant are known, but not all are grown in indoor conditions.
Depending on the species, the hibiscus flower can be herbaceous plants, trees or shrubs, it can shed foliage, or it can be evergreen, the shoots can be bare or covered with hairs. The flowers are large, apical, white, red, pink, monochromatic and multicolored, with stripes and spots.
I want to note hibiscus chinese, which not only has a positive effect on human health, but also on the condition of neighboring flowers. In addition, it is also a rather unpretentious plant. The main rule of care is the correct pruning at the right time, which is the key to the active growth of the hibiscus plant.
Briefly about growing
- Bloom: from early spring to autumn.
- Lighting: bright diffused light. In winter, the plant may require additional lighting.
- Temperature: during the period of active growth - about 20 ºC, in winter - 14-16 ºC, but not lower than 10 ºC.
- Watering: during the period of active growth - abundant, as soon as the upper layer of the substrate dries, from September watering is gradually reduced and the soil is moistened after two to three days, after the top layer has dried.
- Air humidity: common for living quarters, but in the heat, the plant should be sprayed with warm water.
- Top dressing: during the period of active growth, once a month with nitrogen fertilizer, from autumn potassium and phosphorus are introduced at half the recommended dosage. In winter, hibiscus is not fed.
- Rest period: in winter.
- Transfer: in spring, young hibiscus annually, and old hibiscus once every three years, but the top layer of the potted substrate needs to be changed annually.
- Substrate: four parts of sod land, three leafy, one part of humus land and one part of sand.
- Cropping: after transplanting, the shoots of the plant are shortened to 15 cm. Pruning can be used for cuttings.
- Reproduction: seeds and cuttings.
- Pests: thrips, aphids, whiteflies and spider mites.
- Diseases: chlorosis, root disease, yellowing leaves and other problems due to improper care.
- Properties: hibiscus is a medicinal plant.
Read more about growing hibiscus below.
Photo of hibiscus
Hibiscus care at home
Hibiscus needs bright light, but direct sunlight can burn the leaves, so the best window for growing hibiscus at home is the western or eastern one. On the north side of the world, it may not be enough, although it depends on its intensity. Growing in a south-facing room requires placing the hibiscus pot away from the window. On warm days, the plant can be taken out on the street or on the balcony, but it is necessary to protect the hibiscus grazing from drafts, precipitation and direct sun. Additional lighting may be required in winter. If there is not enough light, then the hibiscus may simply not bloom.
During the period of active growth, the temperature should be within 20 ° C. Since autumn, hibiscus at home is gradually taught to a lower temperature, and in winter they are kept at a temperature not higher than 16 ° C. A drop in temperature beyond + 10 ° C can lead to the fall of hibiscus leaves.
Watering the hibiscus
Water before watering is allowed to settle for a day. The water should be soft and slightly warmer than the temperature in the room. In spring and summer, the hibiscus flower needs abundant watering, watered immediately after the topsoil dries up. Beginning in September, watering is cut back and watered a couple of days after the topsoil has dried. If water spills into the pan, then after half an hour it must be removed.
Indoor hibiscus is not picky about air humidity, but spraying in the spring and summer will only have a positive effect on the growth of hibiscus. You need to spray with warm water. In autumn and winter, you can spray it from time to time.
You need to fertilize indoor hibiscus at home only after watering, so as not to burn the roots. For abundant flowering in spring and summer, hibiscus is fed with nitrogen fertilizers. With the arrival of autumn, the concentration of nitrogen fertilizers is reduced, and potassium and phosphorus are applied in half the dose recommended on the package. Top dressing is carried out once a month.
Homemade hibiscus is pruned for three reasons - to send the plant to a dormant period, to give the plant the desired shape to rejuvenate. Pruning stimulates the growth of new shoots, on which flowers will appear, since it will not be possible to wait for flowers on last year's shoots. Cut the shoots so that about 15 cm remains. Pruning is carried out after transplanting or replacing part of the substrate in the pot. If you cut the hibiscus at the end of spring, and then again in July, then flowering will just fall at the end of autumn - the beginning of winter. Hibiscus will need to be watered sparingly throughout the summer to keep it dormant until September. Pruned shoots can be used for propagation.
If there is a need to send a houseplant hibiscus to rest, then watering is gradually reduced to almost zero, the leaves are waiting for the leaves to fall and pruning, leaving eight-centimeter pieces of shoots. The pot is placed in a cool place and sometimes watered so that the soil does not dry out completely. After a few months, young shoots will appear. The pot is placed in a bright and warm place, watered, sprayed and from time to time pinched the growing shoots for stronger branching.
Old plants need to be reloaded every three years (in years without a transplant, you can simply change a few centimeters of the substrate). Young hibiscus plants are best replanted annually. Expanded clay is poured at the bottom of the pot to ensure the free drainage of excess water. The substrate is made up of humus, leaf, turf and sand (1: 3: 4: 1). You can add charcoal to the substrate.
Growing from seeds
Hibiscus at home lends itself easily to seed propagation. To plant hibiscus seeds, you need to prepare the seeds and potting soil. The mixture is simple - sand and peat are mixed in equal parts. The seeds are soaked for half a day in an epin solution. Seeds are sown in late winter - early spring. The container with the planted seeds is covered with glass and placed in a warm place (at least 25 ° C). The glass is removed from time to time, ventilating the container and watering the seedlings. When the seedlings grow three or four leaves, they are dived into individual pots. With proper care for the 3rd year, young hibiscus should bloom.
Propagation by cuttings
Hibiscus propagates easily by cuttings. Cuttings can be taken those that were cut when cutting the hibiscus. Cuttings with three nodes are suitable for rooting. You can root cuttings in water or in a mixture of sand and peat. The temperature must not drop below 25 ° C. Cuttings must be pre-treated with a growth stimulant for faster rooting. In such conditions, cuttings take root within a month. When the roots appear, the plants are planted in individual pots with a substrate of sand, leaf, turf and humus soil (1: 1: 1: 2). Charcoal can be added.
Diseases and pests
The hibiscus roots are withered. Hibiscus does not tolerate cold soil, and the roots can dry out from this.
Dark pink hibiscus spots on the leaves. In hibiscus, such spots appear with excessive feeding and a simultaneous lack of light.
The buds of the hibiscus are crumbling. There may be several reasons: insufficient watering, low temperature, or lack of fertilizer.
Chlorosis of hibiscus leaves. Hibiscus needs iron, and a lack of it along with an excess of chlorine leads to chlorosis of the leaves. Water for irrigation must be settled and iron chelate must be added to it.
Hibiscus roots are sore. The humidity in the room is very low, and the temperature is high - hibiscus is not picky about humidity, but too dry air can lead to root disease.
There are many leaves, but no flowers on hibiscus. It is necessary to reduce the amount of nitrogen fertilization. Other reasons are lack of water in spring, little light, high temperatures during the dormant period.
Hibiscus leaves turn yellow. It is quite difficult here: hibiscus usually turns yellow due to insufficient or excessive watering, with excess or lack of light, due to lack of nutrients, both at too low and at too high air temperatures. Hibiscus care at home must be precise.
Hibiscus pests. From pests, problems can arise with thrips and aphids. Also, spider mites and whiteflies will not mind eating hibiscus.
Hibiscus hybrid / Hibiscus hybridus
This species is a perennial herbaceous plant. Grown for beautiful flowers that amaze with their beauty and size. In warm regions, it can be grown outdoors. Obtained by crossing three species - red hibiscus (Hibiscus coccineus), holly hibiscus (Hibiscus militaris) and pink hibiscus (Hibiscus moscheutos).
Chinese Hibiscus / Hibiscus rosa-sinensis
People call Chinese rose or Rosean Chinese. This species is an evergreen shrub that grows up to 3 m in height in its natural environment. The leaves are elongated ovoid or oval, dark green in color, the edge is serrated, the upper side of the leaf plate is glossy. It blooms for a very long time, almost 8-9 months, starting in March. Depending on the variety, which is in the region of half a thousand, flowers can be pink, yellow, red, orange and other colors. The flowers are semi-double or simple, up to 15 cm in diameter. This species is very decorative.
Hibiscus scizopetalus / Hibiscus scizopetalus
This shrub has green, glossy leaves. The flowers are red-orange in color, grow up to 5 cm in diameter, the petals are bent, fringed.
Syrian Hibiscus / Hibiscus syriacus
Distributed in India and China. It blooms with pink and red flowers.
- Read the topic on Wikipedia
- Features and other plants of the Malvaceae family
- List of all species on The Plant List
- More information on World Flora Online
- Indoor Plants Information
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The monocotyledonous plant narcissus (Narcissus) is a member of the Amaryllidaceae family. This spring flower is one of the earliest. The genus includes about 60 species. In nature, the daffodil is most often found in the Mediterranean, southern Europe, and also in Asia. Gardeners cultivate only 25 species of daffodil, and many more hybrids, combined under the name "hybrid daffodil".
Since ancient times, people have attributed various unusual qualities and properties to this plant. In the East, he was called "nargiz" and was often compared to the charming eyes of his beloved. In ancient Greece, the daffodil became the personification of death, they removed the deathbed. Moreover, in Europe during the Renaissance, on the contrary, it was a symbol of marriage and love. In Italy today, a bouquet of daffodils as a gift is considered a declaration of love. Since ancient times, daffodils have been widely used in medicine and perfumery. The name of the flower, which is derived from the Greek word "narcao", which translates as "intoxicate", has an analogy with the heady smell that causes migraines, and with the narcotic effect of the oil made from narcissus, and with the poisonous properties of the bulbs. The composition of the culture bulbs includes the alkaloid narcissin, which is a reliable protection against rodents. At the end of the nineteenth century, there was the last peak of popularity for daffodils, from that very time the fashion for this plant and its smell does not pass. And today such a flowering plant is massively cultivated in the East for the sake of obtaining essential oil. Among the British, the daffodil is even more popular than the rose, which is considered the "queen of flowers", and in China on New Year's, the presence of these fragrant flowers is mandatory. Well, and "Black Narcissus", probably, everyone has watched or read.
Hibiscus is essentially a tree, although some species are classified as shrubs. Belongs to the Malvov family (in total, it includes about 300 species). Hibiscus can be of different origins - some of them are imported from the New World (the so-called "Floridians"). In Russian climatic conditions, only two beautifully flowering species can grow in open ground - the Syrian and the triple hibiscus, and the Chinese rose is grown at home or in a greenhouse. Many people confuse it with another plant - garden hibiscus. But the latter is a hybrid that was bred in the 1950s and can actually be grown in the garden, while the Chinese rose in temperate latitudes is always an indoor variety.
Chinese hibiscus looks quite impressive due to its dark green leaves, smooth and shiny, and large flowers, which reach 16 cm in diameter. Despite the name, the plant has nothing to do with real roses. Its flower has an interesting shape, more like a mallow. In natural conditions, it blooms in March, the plant blooms until October.Chinese rose care, methods ... How the Chinese rose multiplies in ... Chinese rose care, methods ... Chinese rose (Hibiscus): leaving in ...
Nevertheless, Chinese hibiscus is quite demanding on temperatures - in summer it feels comfortable only if it is more than +25 degrees outside, and in winter - at +12 ° C.
Landing in open ground
Planting of hibiscus planting material in open ground is carried out in the spring. after the threat of return frost disappears. Planting is also allowed in the first half of autumn.
Site selection and soil requirements
The optimal place where hibiscus can grow for about 20 years without experiencing discomfort is a sunny, wind-protected area with light, fertile soil that has excellent air and water permeability.
Planting a garden hibiscus is carried out according to the following algorithm:
- A planting hole is dug, the dimensions of which should be twice the root system of the seedling.
- A thick layer of drainage material is placed at the bottom of the pit, which is broken brick, crushed stone or expanded clay.
- The drainage is covered with 15 cm layers of sand and compost in the following sequence: sand, compost, sand.
- Then the seedling is lowered so that the root collar is slightly deepened.
- The pit is filled with a soil mixture of garden soil, peat and sand in a ratio of 2: 4: 1.
- The planted plant is spud and watered.
- After drying, the groove is covered with soil, and the near-trunk circle is leveled.
Attention! If planting is carried out in the fall, then the near-trunk area is mulched.
Growing and caring for a hibiscus garden shrub
Growing garden hibiscus won't be a hassle. For full-fledged growth and flowering, it is better to choose a sunny area where there are no drafts. When planting garden hibiscus, it is necessary to use fertile, loose and humus-rich soil. Watering should be regular and frequent. It is important not to flood the flower, but the main thing is that the soil around the plant is always moist.If the flower is properly cared for, then its life expectancy can reach 20 years or more.
Young plants should be replanted several times. Usually, the transplant is done in the spring. Within a few months after rooting, they can be transplanted into a larger pot. For planting, a soil mixture of sod, leafy soil, humus and sand is used in a ratio of 4: 3: 1: 1. After transplanting, it is necessary to add soil to the pot every year.
Proper care after planting garden hibiscus for young shrubs is very important, especially in winter. They need shelter as they may not be able to withstand the winter frosts. If the planting is scheduled for autumn, then before the onset of winter, it is necessary to mulch the soil around the plant.
Fertilizers for this flower should contain a high dose of phosphorus. Before wintering, it is recommended to feed the plant with potash fertilizer. This will help him endure the winter cold.
The photo of planting and caring for hibiscus shows all the main agricultural techniques:
Thermometer for room temperature control
In spring and summer, the most optimal temperature is 23 - 26 ° C, in winter it is better to keep plants at a low temperature from plus 12 to plus 14 ° C.
In winter, do not leave the plant on the windowsill, under which the heating radiator is located, it is better to transfer it to a cool place, but keep in mind that the lower limit is + 12 ° C. Do not be afraid of temperature changes, as these plants tolerate them quite well.
Campanula has the ability to adapt to different temperatures, and thanks to this property, a flowering plant can be transferred from a room to a balcony, back and forth, without fear of any negative consequences.
Hibiscus-related omens and superstitions
Some growers do not dare to plant hibiscus at home, not only because they believe that they cannot cope with caring for the "capricious exotic". Sometimes they are stopped by negative signs associated with the plant. It is not known for certain why, but in Europe hibiscus has earned the nickname "flower of death". Perhaps the reason was the bloody shade of the petals in its natural varieties.
This nickname is due to negative superstitions. The flowering of hibiscus at an inopportune time supposedly warns of the imminent death of one of the family members, and the condition of the plant, which has sharply deteriorated for no reason, about misfortune or a serious illness. The more abundantly and brighter it blooms, the more positive energy it "pulls" from the household. Hibiscus is also considered a "muzhegon": a girl hoping to get married, a wife who does not want to part with her husband should get rid of him as soon as possible.
However, in the East, including in the teachings of Feng Shui, the plant is evaluated extremely positively. He is considered a powerful source of creative energy, a talisman for good luck and financial well-being, a "keeper" of the hearth.
Hibiscus or Chinese rose is a houseplant that will not get lost even in the most extensive collection. The abundance of bright colors immediately attracts the eye. There are varieties of hibiscus with different colors of petals, they all take root very well and feel good at home. Caring for a flower is surprisingly simple, but it is better to know about some important nuances in advance.
You can consolidate knowledge about a flower using the video: